Do you want to understand the piracy problem? Really? Then you should be reading EagleSpeak. I have been reading him for years and in the last 18 months or so (since the MV Danica White was seized) he has been my leading authority on piracy.
Here is the most important short-term answer -
Somali Pirates:"Convoys Could Work"
There are a multitude of things we need to do in the long term. But for now - Convoy.